Common Roofing Terms Defined

Roofing, just like sports, law, or any other industry, comes with its own set of terms that must be learned. These terms become a common language that industry professionals must learn to get the job done right. With a little practice, this can be done. Here is a list of some roofing terms and their definitions that roofers use on the job:


Flashing: Typically metal, this is used to seal a roof near edges and corners to maintain waterproofness

Apron Flashing: Metal flashing used around chimneys

Blistering: Bubbles that can form in shingles, usually caused by moisture

Granules: The small pieces of rock that are seen on the tops of shingles to keep them protected.

Ice Dam: Ice dams refer to the refreezing of previously melted snow or ice near the gutters that results in a buildup of water, ultimately causing leakage

Mats: The base layer of shingles

Mortar: The material used to bond bricks together, typically seen used on a chimney

Racking: When shingles are installed in a way that moves directly up the roof

Self-Sealant: Sealant applied to shingles that is activated by the sun

Telegraphing: When a damaged or uneven surface can be seen beneath a top layer of shingles, simply because the top layer is installed over the damaged surface

If you have any questions about the services we provide, feel free to contact our office at 918-600-9565.

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13161 S Memorial Dr Suite A107,

Bixby, OK 74008 


OK License 80002880

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