Roofing, just like sports, law, or any other industry, comes with its own set of terms that must be learned. These terms become a common language that industry professionals must learn to get the job done right. With a little practice, this can be done. Here is a list of some roofing terms and their definitions that roofers use on the job:
Flashing: Typically metal, this is used to seal a roof near edges and corners to maintain waterproofness
Apron Flashing: Metal flashing used around chimneys
Blistering: Bubbles that can form in shingles, usually caused by moisture
Granules: The small pieces of rock that are seen on the tops of shingles to keep them protected.
Ice Dam: Ice dams refer to the refreezing of previously melted snow or ice near the gutters that results in a buildup of water, ultimately causing leakage
Mats: The base layer of shingles
Mortar: The material used to bond bricks together, typically seen used on a chimney
Racking: When shingles are installed in a way that moves directly up the roof
Self-Sealant: Sealant applied to shingles that is activated by the sun
Telegraphing: When a damaged or uneven surface can be seen beneath a top layer of shingles, simply because the top layer is installed over the damaged surface
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